Rule 8.811. Policies and factors governing extensions of time

(a) Policies.

(1)  The time limits prescribed by these rules should generally be met to ensure expeditious conduct of appellate business and public confidence in the efficient administration of appellate justice.

(2)  The effective assistance of counsel to which a party is entitled includes adequate time for counsel to prepare briefs or other documents that fully advance the party's interests. Adequate time also allows the preparation of accurate, clear, concise, and complete submissions that assist the courts.

(3)  For a variety of legitimate reasons, counsel or self-represented litigants may not always be able to prepare briefs or other documents within the time specified in the rules of court. To balance the competing policies stated in (1) and (2), applications to extend time in the appellate division must demonstrate good cause under (b). If good cause is shown, the court must extend the time.

(b) Factors considered.

In determining good cause, the court must consider the following factors when applicable:

(1)  The degree of prejudice, if any, to any party from a grant or denial of the extension. A party claiming prejudice must support the claim in detail.

(2)  In a civil case, the positions of the client and any opponent with regard to the extension.

(3)  The length of the record, including the number of relevant trial exhibits. A party relying on this factor must specify the length of the record.

(4)  The number and complexity of the issues raised. A party relying on this factor must specify the issues.

(5)  Whether there are settlement negotiations and, if so, how far they have progressed and when they might be completed.

(6)  Whether the case is entitled to priority.

(7)  Whether counsel responsible for preparing the document is new to the case.

(8)  Whether other counsel or the client needs additional time to review the document.

(9)  Whether counsel or a self-represented party responsible for preparing the document has other time-limited commitments that prevent timely filing of the document. Mere conclusory statements that more time is needed because of other pressing business will not suffice. Good cause requires a specific showing of other obligations of counsel or a self-represented party that:

(A)  Have deadlines that as a practical matter preclude filing the document by the due date without impairing its quality; or

(B)  Arise from cases entitled to priority.

(10)  Illness of counsel or a self-represented party, a personal emergency, or a planned vacation that counsel or a self-represented party did not reasonably expect to conflict with the due date and cannot reasonably rearrange.

(11)  Any other factor that constitutes good cause in the context of the case.

Rule 8.811 adopted effective January 1, 2009.

Rules that reference this rule: Rule 8.810